- Typical lesions that are seen in infected organs of people with tuberculosis.
- An infected hair follicle where the base of the hair follicle appears red and raised with an accumulation of pus just under the epidermis.
- This speciecies of Streptococcus produces small, white to grey colonies surrounded by beta hemolysis and is sensitive to the antibiotic bacitracin.
- The streptococci that are the dominant normal flora in the upper respiratory tract, cause dental caries, and cause most bacterial endocarditis.
- A group of staphylococci that are normal flora of the skin and are associated with intravascular devices (prosthetic heart valves and intra-arterial or intravenous lines) and shunts. Also quite common are infections of prosthetic joints, wound infections, osteomyelitis associated with foreign bodies, and endocarditis. (2 words)
- A blood agar reaction showing no hemolysis or discoloration of the agar surrounding the colony.
- An arrangement of gram-positive cocci typically occurring in pairs and chains of varying length.
- gram-positive cocci occuring singly most commonly in irregular grape-like clusters.
- An agar that is highly selective for pathogenic Neisseria. (one acronym plus one word)
- This species of Clostridium causes gas gangrene, shows double-zone hemolysis on blood agar, and stormy fermentation of litmus milk.
- Species of Streptococcus showing mucoid, transluscent colonies surrounded by alpha hemolysis and sensitivity to the drug optochin.
- Any pus-filled inflammatory lesions.
- Species of Neisseria causing urethritis in males and females though often asymtomatic in females. May cause PID and sterility.
- Furuncles coalesce and spread into surrounding subcutaneous and deeper connective tissue. Superficial skin perforates, sloughs off, and discharges pus.
- An organism that grows only without oxygen and, in fact, is inhibited or killed by oxygen. (2 words)
- Species of Staphylococcus showing gold piment, beta hemolysis, and sensitivity to the antibiotic novobiocin on blood agar. DNase positive and coagulase positive.
- The most common infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes is _______________.
- This genus of bacterium is an acid-fast bacillus and causes tuberculosis and leprosy.
- An estimated 0.5-1.0% of neonates colonized will develop pneumonia, septicemia, and/or meningitis from this streptococcus.
- An autoimmune disease that cqan follow infections by group A beta streptococcus. (2 words)
- This genus of bacterium is the most common cause of anaerobic infections in humans. It is also a predominant organism of the normal human intestinal tract. It mainly causes wound infections.
- Hemolysis showing a zone of partial hemolysis surrounding the colony, often accompanied by a greenish discoloration of the agar.
- Species of Neisseria initially colonizing the nasopharnyx but may lead to septicemia and meningitis.
- The common name for this gram-positive diplococcus that is the most common cause of community-acquired pneumonia requiring hospitalization, and is a frequent cause of otitis media, sinusitis, and bacteremia.
- Gram-positive streptococci, typically occurring in pairs and short chains, that are normal flora of the intestinal tract. They are responsible for a variety of opportunistic infections in humans. Common causes of nosocomial infections.
- A genus of bacteria appearing as gram-negative diplococci and are oxidase positive.
- Common name for a large, raised, pus-filled, painful nodules having an accumulation of dead, necrotic tissue at the base. The bacteria spread from the hair follicle to adjacent subcutaneous tissue.
- Hemolysis showing , red blood cell-free zone surrounding the colony, where a complete lysis of the red blood cells by the bacterial hemolysins has occurred.