- The nuclear body is bounded by a nuclear membrane; the ribosomes are composed of a 60S and a 40S subunit; internal membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria , endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus , and vacuoles are present.
- A cylindrical, hot-dog-shaped bacterium.
- Cell wall surface proteins that enable some bacteria to penetrate host cells.
- Cocci arranged in irregular, often grape-like clusters.
- The structure formed when Fts proteins interact to form a ring at the cell division plane. Form the cell division apparatus.
- The color gram-positive baxteria stain following the Gram stain procedure.
- Enzyme that reform the peptide cross-links between the rows and layers of peptidoglycan to make the wall strong.
- A broad, dense bacterial cell wall 20-80 nm thick and consisting of numerous interconnecting layers of peptidoglycan interwoven with teichoic acids and lipoteichoic acids. (2 words)
- Enzyme that breaks the glycosidic bonds between the peptidoglycan monomers at the point of growth along the existing peptidoglycan and breaks the peptide cross-bridges that link the rows of sugars together during peptidoglycan synthesis.
- The net movement of gases or small uncharge polar molecules across a phospholipid bilayer membrane from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration. (2 words)
- The nuclear body is not bounded by a nuclear membrane; the ribosomes are composed of a 50S and a 30S subunit; internal membrane-bound organelles such as mitochondria , endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus , and vacuoles are absent.
- Molecules unique to microorganisms that are not associated with human cells. They include LPS, peptidoglycan, lipoteichoic acids, mannose, flagellin, bacterial DNA. (acronym)
- Transport proteins that simultaneously transport two substances across the membrane in the same direction.
- A bacterial cell wall composed of a thin, inner layer of peptidoglycan and an outer membrane of phospholipids, lipopolysaccharide, and lipoprotein. (2 words)
- A tight-knit molecular complex composed of chains of amino sugars connected by peptide linkages; forms the cell wall of Bacteria.
- Cell wall surface proteins that enable the bacterium to adhere intimately to host calls.
- A bacterial cell wall composed of peptidoglycan, arabinogalactan, and an outer membrane or envelope containing large amounts of glycolipids, especially mycolic acids.
- The color gram-negative baxteria stain following the Gram stain procedure.
- Enzyme that insert and link new peptidoglycan monomers into the breaks in the peptidoglycan.
- This structure, composed of peptidoglycan, enables bacteria to resist osmotic lysis. (2 words)
- The diffusion of water across a membrane from an area of higher water concentration to lower water concentration.
- A thin, flexible, spiral-shaped bacterium.
- The population doubles every generation time. (2 words)
- The selectively permeable membrane composed of a bilayer of phospholipids embedded with proteins, this structure determines what enters and leaves the cell. (2 words)
- Transport proteins that transport one substance across the membrane in one direction while simultaneously transporting a second substance across the membrane in the opposite direction .
- Cocci arranged in chains.
- Two joined amino sugars, N-acetylglucosamine (NAG) and N-acetylmuramic acid (NAM), with a pentapeptide coming off of the NAM is called a peptidoglycan _______________.
- Molecules on or in host cells that are able to recognize or bind to pathogen-associated molecular patterns in order to induce innate immunity. (acronym)